The main objective of this paper is to identify ways of creating a competitive edge for
Bangladeshi nurses for both local and international markets.
The specific objectives are;
To create opportunity for increasing the number of and quality of trained nurses in the
country.To increase the share of professional and skilled migrants from Bangladesh vis a vis
semi skilled and less skilled migrants.To minimise fraudulence and exploitation from
overseas migration.To create opportunity for migration of women under less exploitative
situation.The study covers issues related to the government’s migration policy; demand for nurses both
at the local and international level vis a vis nursing education in the country. The study also
focuses on the development of nursing education and the challenges the sector is facing in the
training nurses as well as the experiences of Ghana and the Philippines with regard to nursing
education and migration. Recommendations from a government taskforce following the
findings from this paper have also been included in this report.
Considering the importance of the contribution of the overseas workers to the economy of the
country, the newly established Ministry for Expatriates Welfare and Overseas Employment
(EWOE) undertook some collective measures with a view of improving the skills of the
migrant labour. The Bureau of Manpower, Employment and Training focuses on human
resource development according to the demands of developed countries and ensuring
international standard in the areas of specialised training. The Policy is meant to enhance
foreign employment for women through the creation of opportunities and training for
professionals for overseas employment. Among all the professions however, nurses have the
highest demand both at present and in the future. With few exceptions, nurse shortages are
present in all regions and constitute a priority concern for all countries (ICN 2004). A number
of developed countries have liberalized their migration policies to admit nurses in the face of
internal shortages and this has facilitated the movement of these professionals from one
country to another.
The aim of this paper is to find out the possibility of expanding the scope of the migration of
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY :
The study conducted an empirical investigation on self-concept as related to gender, parental profession and academic
achievement among early-adolescent boys and girls in various institutions of Rajshahi city. A total of 160 respondents constituted
the sample of the study. A 2×2×2 factorial design involving two levels of gender (boy/girl), two levels of parental profession
(service/business) and two levels of academic achievement (high achiever/low achiever) were used. The results showed
significantly higher self-concept of girls than boys. In case of academic achievement high achievers expressed significantly more
positive self-concept than low achievers. In case of parental service, high achiever boys and high achiever girls expressed
significantly more positive self-concept followed by their counterpart low achievers. In case of parental business, it was found
that high achiever girls expressed significantly more positive self-concept than low achiever girls. However no significant mean
difference was obtained between high achiever boys and low achiever boys in case of parental business. Thus, self-concept of
young children was found to be determined by gender, parental profession and academic achievement during early adolescent
This study is part of a UNDP regional research initiative on HIV vulnerability faced by Asian women migrant workers from Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Philippines and Sri Lanka who work in Bahrain, Lebanon, and the UAE. Though in-depth analysis of the economic, socio cultural and political factors that determine vulnerability to HIV of women migrant workers overseas, the study aims to provide better data that help in the design of soundly based and holistic programs that will address the vulnerabilities of these women throughout the migration cycle, especially in human rights and public health.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY :
Abstract: Informal sector is a very important area of the economy for any developing country; it is a growing occupational sector for the less skilled people, living both in urban and rural areas. considerable amount of employment are ensured by this sector. What is specific to the informal economy is the absence of rights and social protection of the workers involved in it. Living in extensive poverty; exploited, with no place to go for protection; lacking access to basic social services; no basic safety conditions at work; holding little or no hope that life can be better; struggling on a daily basis just to survive, they are street vendors, wage labourers working in small enterprises on a regular, casual or contract basis; unpaid workers including family workers and apprentices, home-workers, paid domestic workers and more; and a smaller number are the owners of tiny enterprises. This study concentrates on the workers and their work life and living standards.
Short-term labour migration has come to be a mainstay of Bangladesh economy. But high cost in remittance transfer, lack of affordable migration loan and limited investment opportunities for returnee migrants are reducing the gains from labour migration. High migration cost often undermines gains from migration. In 2012 the government of Bangladesh established Probashi Kallyan Bank as a specialized financial institution for migrants to facilitate remittance transfer, provide migration loan and expand investment opportunities. RMMRU has extended its experience and expertise in labour migration to the Probashi Kallyan Ban (PKB) so that the latter can achieve its goals in the three of the above operational areas. This policy Brief analyses main problems in each are, discuss policy options and presents policy recommendations. It builds on the consultation with banking, financial and policy experts, 3 guidelines prepared by RMMRU for loan disbursement, and strategy development workshop organized by RMMRU on 29 May 2011.
Page 1 of 6
|Energy and Power|
|Environment and Climate Change|
|Finance and Banking|
|Human Resource Development|
|Policy and Law|
|Policy and Reform|